What is the Full Form of VPN | How Does VPN Work

What is the Full Form of VPN
In this article, we have explained all about Virtual Private Network (VPN) along with its working and advantages.

VPN acronym for “Virtual Private Network” gives you a chance to set up a secured network connection when you are using unprotected public networks. It is possible because VPN successfully encrypts the web traffic from your computer and protects your online identity. For this reason, it’s hard to eavesdrop on the data being transmitted through the virtual tunnel.

How does a VPN operate to protect your data?

A virtual private network works by hiding your computer’s IP address. This can be achieved by directing the inward and outward traffic through a specially set up server present remotely. In a way, all your queries are received and answered by the remote VPN server. This is the reason when any sniffer and even the Internet Service Provider will not able to find out about your identity, location, and browsing details.

A VPN acts like a tunnel that protects all the data being transferred between the server and your computer. This data is encrypted and no one will interpret it even if someone accidentally gets access to it.

Reasons for using a VPN connection

Whenever you set up a connection normally, it’s your internet service provider that set up the connection with the internet. Your ISP keeps a record of your IP address and passes your search through the ISP’s server. In such a way the ISP keeps a record of all that you would do and search while you are online.

Even if your ISP looks trustable, it makes you vulnerable and can easily impart your history to anyone such as spammers, the government, and so on. ISPs can likewise succumb to assaults by digital hoodlums: If they are hacked, your own and private information can be compromised.

This is particularly significant if you routinely set up a connection with public Wi-Fi networks. No one can tell who may be spying on your web traffic and what data they may take from you, including passwords, individual information, payment details, or even steal your entire identity as well.

Functions of a VPN

A VPN can perform one or more functions for you to protect you online:

  • Hide of your IP address: The essential task of a VPN is to disguise your IP address from your ISP and other outsiders. This permits you to send and get data online without the danger of anybody. However, you and the VPN provider will be able to get your hands on it.
  • Encrypt the protocols: Similarly, A VPN should prevent you from leaving footprints online like your internet history, search history, and other information. It is essential to encrypt the cookies since it keeps the outsiders away from accessing sensitive data like your identity, payment details, and other data.
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  • A Kill switch: If for any reason the VPN connection gets closed abruptly, it is likely that your safe connection has interfered somehow. A robust VPN can easily detect this interference and end the connection automatically so that your online data is not vulnerable.
  • A Two-factor authentication: A good VPN authenticates anyone who is trying to log in using a variety of authenticating details. For instance, you will be asked to enter an OTP which will be sent to your mobile number. Due to this, it will not be possible for unauthorized people to get their hands on the VPN connection at all.

Perks of using a VPN connection

Encrypted web traffic:

When you use a VPN, all your web activities and traffic are disguised when you are connected to the public network. Any hacker would need an encryption key to get their hands on your private details. Without one, it would require a long period for a PC to unravel the details using the brute force attack.

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Hide your location:

The servers of VPN work as proxy servers on the web. These servers can disguise your actual location on the earth and show your location in a different country. What’s more, most VPN administrations don’t store logs of your web activities. A good VPN can keep a record of your browsing history, yet don’t give this data to any third parties.

Access to content outside your location:

All the web content and browsers aren’t generally open to all the locations in the world. Administrations and websites frequently contain content that must be viewed from only certain countries of the planet and they are banned from others. This implies that you can’t get that content at your native location while surfing the internet which is blocked there. But when you utilize the VPN, it modifies your server location to another country thereby changing your current location.

Secured data transfer:

 You need a secure connection to transfer data when you are at a remote location. For this, you need a secure connection. VPN uses proxy servers and various encryption techniques to transfer information so that no data is compromised.


This is all that you need to know about Virtual Private networks and how it works to set up a secured connection between your computer and the server. If you need any more help, let us know in the comments.

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