Windows vs Linux: Difference Between Linux and Windows

Difference Between Linux and Windows
Difference Between Linux and Windows

For what seems like an eternity, the battle of operating systems between Linux and Windows has resulted in battles, debates, and even fanatical conduct on the Internet. I believe it is critical to emphasise that this essay will not address which operating system is the greatest, as this is difficult to determine. It’s not as simple as comparing Linux and Unix because the two operating systems are so dissimilar. So, ideally, what follows is a balanced assessment of each of these operating systems based on a variety of parameters.

These are two operating systems with slightly distinct features. We’ll go through all of the differences between Linux and Windows in this article. Let’s have a look at their distinct functions first.

The Main Difference Between Linux and Windows

BasisWindowsLinux
LINUX
SECURITYWindows is more vulnerable and is the main target for the creators of viruses and malware.Linux is more secure than Windows, as the hackers find it difficult to break.
ACCESSIBILITY As in Windows only selected group members have access, not every member has access to its source code.As in Linux, users can have access to the source code of Kernel and also are free to alter the code accordingly.
SUPPORTWindows has an easily accessible support system through online websites or forums and also offers paid support.Linux has supported a large community of user websites through online websites or forums.
VARIETYWindows have only some customizations.Linux contains a variety of distributions that can be customized accordingly.
RUN LEVELWhen any issue occurs in Windows to fix it, it needs to reboot at run level 3 as root to find and fix the issue.Linux contains an inbuilt capacity to pause at various run levels.
UPDATESAs in the case of Windows, updates may come at any time, as you may encounter a pop-up while you are giving a print command to the printer, and much more inappropriate time, and takes more time for installation.Whereas in the case of Linux, users have full command over the updates, you can install the latest updates. And it takes less time as compared to Windows.
COMMAND-LINEIn the case of Windows, we are required to bang on running and enter cmd only the command line will appear. we cannot use the Linux command line though we have a command line.In the case of Linux, the command line is a quite useful tool to perform daily tasks and administrator but it does not make much difference for the end-users.

Linux vs Windows: What is Windows?

Windows is a licensed operating system with no access to the source code. It’s made for business owners, other commercial users, and even people who don’t know how to programme computers. It is simple to use and understand.

It’s possible that Windows is a commissioned operating system that makes ASCII text files unavailable. It’s intended for persons who have no prior programming experience, as well as business and alternative industrial users. It’s quite simple to use and understand.

Following the foundation of Microsoft in 1985, the first version of Windows, known as Windows 1.0, was released. It was based on the MS-DOS operating system. New versions of Windows were swiftly released after the initial introduction. In 1987, the first major update was released, as was Windows 3.0 in the same year.

Windows 95, possibly the most extensively used version to date, was released in 1995. To improve the user experience, it ran on a 16-bit DOS-based kernel and 32-bit userspace at this time.

Despite the addition of numerous features to accommodate modern computing, Windows hasn’t altered much in terms of basic architecture since this edition.

Windows includes features such as,
  • Multiple operating environments
  • Symmetric multiprocessing
  • Client-server computing
  • Integrated caching
  • Virtual memory
  • Portability
  • Extensibility
  • Pre-emptive scheduling

Linux vs Windows: What is Linux?

Linux could be a free and open-source operating system that adheres to industry standards. It provides a programming interface that is still programme compatible with operating system-based platforms, as well as a large number of applications. A UNIX operating system system also incorporates multiple independently produced components, resulting in a fully compatible and proprietary-free UNIX operating system.

It is a free and open-source operating system (OS) that gives c compatibility with the user interface and programming interface to its users. It is based on Unix standards and is made up of a number of components that were created separately.

Linux is very safe because vulnerabilities are easy to find and patch, whereas Windows has a large user base, making it a target for hackers to attack.

The Linux kernel uses a typical monolithic kernel for performance reasons. Most drivers can dynamically load and unload at run time because of its modular design.

Linus Torvalds, a Finnish student, founded Linux with the goal of creating a free operating system kernel that anybody could use. It was released in 1991, much later than Windows. Despite the fact that it lacked a graphical interface like Windows, it was nevertheless regarded as a relatively basic operating system. From a few lines of source code in its first release to more than 23.3 million lines of source code now, Linux has come a long way.

In 1992, the GNU General Public License was first used to distribute Linux.

Main Difference Between Linux and Windows

Users

  • In Linux, there are three sorts of users: regular, administrative (root), and service users.
  • There are four different types of user accounts in Windows (Administrator, Standard, Child and Guest).

Usage

  • According to market research, Windows is installed on 92.63 percent of the world’s PCs, whereas Linux is used by only 1% of PC users. Many users claim that Linux is more difficult to operate than Windows, hence its appeal for home use is limited. It is primarily intended for serious applications, such as server applications. As a result, regardless of the GUI, corporate servers run on Linux.
  • As a result of a licencing arrangement with Microsoft, many PC manufacturers are allowed to bundle Windows OS with their machines, allowing Windows to gain market share against Linux. Despite the fact that many PC manufacturers, such as Dell and HP, have begun to include Linux as a pre-installed operating system, Windows continues to dominate the market.

Kernel

  • Linux runs on a monolithic kernel, which takes up more disc space.
  • Windows employs a microkernel, which takes up less space but reduces the system’s efficiency when compared to Linux.

File Systems

  • Files are saved in directories/folders on separate storage drives in Microsoft Windows, such as C: D: E: F: G: H: I: J: K: L: M: N: O: P: Q: R: S: T
  • Files in Linux are organised in a tree structure that starts with the root directory and branches out to multiple subdirectories. Everything in Linux is treated as a file. Files are files, and externally attached devices (such as a printer, mouse, and keyboard) are also files.

Security

  • At some point, every Windows user has encountered security and stability difficulties. Because Windows is such a widely used operating system, hackers and spammers routinely target it. Windows (consumer versions) were created with the intention of being simple to use on a single-user PC with no network connection, and thus lacked security protections. Microsoft’s Windows Update programme frequently distributes security fixes. These are sent out once a month, with urgent updates sent out at shorter intervals or as needed.Users of the Windows operating system are frequently confronted with the BLUE SCREEN OF DEATH. The failure of the system to respond is the cause of this. Eventually, the user must set aside his or her frustrations and restart the computer manually.
  • Linux is based on a multi-user architecture, it is far more stable than single-user operating systems such as Windows. Because Linux is community-driven, with regular monitoring by developers from all around the world, any new issue can be resolved in a matter of hours, and the required fix can be distributed.

Ease of Use

  • In recent years, Linux has improved dramatically in terms of usability. Linux Mint and Ubuntu, for example, have gone to great lengths to make installation and setup as simple as possible for non-technical people to get on with their daily tasks.
  • Because of its widespread use, Windows is the default operating system on many devices. If you buy a new laptop or computer, there’s a good chance it’ll arrive with Windows 10. Users have been accustomed to clicking the toolbar and launching their favourite programmes for so long that making the changeover is difficult.

License

  • In most distributions, the Linux kernel (together with the GNU utilities and libraries that go with it) is completely free and open source. Although companies charge for maintenance for their distributions, the underlying software is still available for download and installation.
  • Each licenced copy of Microsoft Windows is typically priced between $99.00 and $199.00 USD. Windows 10 was once provided as a free upgrade to Windows 7/8/8.1 users who upgraded before July 29, 2016, but that offer has already expired.

Compatibility

  • The windows are shooting. Scores for Windows. This is where Redmond’s solution completely outperforms Linux. Despite recent advancements in the porting or development of applications for Linux, Windows remains the monarch of compatibility.Users of Windows may be confident that practically any software (even the most esoteric, out-of-date applications) will run, even if the authors have abandoned it. Windows has excellent legacy support. It’s that simple.
  • Linux, on the other hand, has had difficulty with the fundamentals that Windows users take for granted.

Privacy

  • If you use Linux, you have an operating system that does not track your activities. When you use Linux, the system is yours and yours alone. You can also add the fact that most Linux computers have built-in military-grade encryption as an option. As a user, you may rest assured that data theft is not a serious concern.
  • Over the last few years, Windows has become more ad-driven. Users will undoubtedly be given the option to opt out, but who can help the ingenious registry hacks that are plainly part of Redmond’s plan? Windows can monitor users’ activities and offer to sync them to the Microsoft One-Drive service or study their habits in order to improve Cortana (Microsoft’s personal assistant). To be honest, I dislike these gadgets because they are quite obtrusive. Some users, however, enjoy these characteristics. Opinions are subjective.

Source Code

  • In Linux, the user has access to the kernel’s source code and can modify it to suit his needs. It has its own set of benefits. Bugs in the OS will be corrected quickly, however developers may exploit any flaws in the OS that are discovered.Linux is a free and open source computer operating system.Linux has access to the source code and can change it to suit the needs of the user.
  • Windows is a commercial operating system. The source code is not accessible to Windows. Only a few members have access to the source code in Windows.

Reliability

  • As we all know, Windows is becoming increasingly sluggish. When your machine crashes or slows down, you’ll need to reinstall Windows after a while. As a Windows user, you’ll have to get into the habit of rebooting your PC for almost everything.
  • If you’re a Linux user, you won’t have to reinstall the operating system merely to get a faster and smoother machine. Linux allows your system to run more smoothly for longer periods of time. Much, much longer! In fact, with Linux, you can focus on your work without being bothered by your operating system. This is presumably why the majority of Internet behemoths like Facebook and Google operate on Linux. Linux is used primarily by supercomputers.

Conclusion

I hope that this post has helped you gain a more objective perspective on both systems. I haven’t covered all of the criteria for comparing Linux with Windows since there are simply too many. There are also certain tired stereotypes about the systems that serve no one. I prefer not to listen to them, and I recommend that you do the same. I alternate between Windows and Linux depending on my needs, either through dual booting or virtualization.

Frequently asked questions on Windows and Linux

Difference between Linux and windows 10?

Linux is an open-source operating system, whereas Windows 10 is a closed-source operating system. Linux protects your privacy by not collecting data. Microsoft has taken care of privacy in Windows 10, but it is still not as good as Linux. Linux is mostly used by developers because of its command-line interface.

Why is Linux better than windows?

Linux-based computers are significantly faster than Windows-based computers. The fundamental reason behind this is that Linux is a lightweight operating system, whereas Windows is bloated with needless software. Your Windows PCs get sluggish as a result of multiple systems running in the background. Another factor is that Linux’s file systems are well-organized.

Can I use Linux and windows on the same computer?

Yes, both operating systems can be installed on your machine. Dual-booting is the term for this. It’s worth noting that only one operating system boots at a time, so when you power on your computer, you must choose whether to run Linux or Windows for the duration of the session.

Why does the military use Linux instead of windows?

It allows you to browse the web and connect to a remote network while also providing the necessary verifications and encryption wizards. As a result, it transforms your untrustworthy Mac or Windows into a very safe and sophisticated gadget capable of comprehending complex tasks.

What are the 3 differences between Linux and windows?

Linux is an open-source operating system, whereas Windows is a proprietary operating system. Linux has access to the source code and can change it to suit the needs of the user, but Windows does not. In Linux, the user has access to the kernel’s source code and can modify it to suit his needs.
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